Certificate In Protective Security Framework

A module of Diploma In Anti & Counter Terrorism Studies.
Accomplish the Diploma and be awarded as a Anti & Counter Terrorism Practitioner (ACTP)


Certificate in Protective Security Framework course is conducted in context to potentials of acts of terrorism. The centrality towards terrorism expound and exceeds the subject norm usually covered in general Risk Management disciplines. This core skill is an important augmentation to the current direction encouraged by the authorities towards target hardening in the counter-terrorism spectrum. It is a process of asset (people and infrastructure) protection from the potential of attacks by identifying threats and reduce them to an acceptable level of risk. In essence, Certificate in Protective Security Framework is foundational to security works essential for security managers to be familiar with.

Certificate in Protective Security Framework is the first step towards developing a valuable facility security program. A properly conducted Certificate in Protective Security Framework provides a solid defensible foundation from which to develop a physical security program at any site, facility or location. It is primarily a risk assessment process aimed at identifying potential security weaknesses, how likely threats are to act on these vulnerabilities, and the potential adverse impact on entities and businesses. This is achieved by identifying and prioritising ascertain risk so that appropriate and practical mitigation measures can be taken.

The course spans over 3 Days and is conducted with in combinations of lectures, discussions, table-top exercise
and ground assessment of a given target. The outcome or objective of TVRA is to provide recommendations that maximize the protection of an asset with practical solutions to support functionality, usability and minimum disruption to activities. Core subjects covered in the course include: Data Collection; Analysis of Policies, security
practices and Procedures; Threat Analysis; Vulnerability Analysis; Correlation and assessment of Risk Acceptability. Essentially, it strives to address: What needs to be protected ; Who/What are the threats and vulnerabilities ; What are the implications if they were damaged or lost; What is the value to the organization; Measures to be taken to minimize exposure to the loss or damage.

In summary, the course provides participants with the knowledge and skills to design, plan and execute the key
components of the framework from the perspective of an adversary with an analysis of the outcome. The depth of
Security Audit and adjoining Red Teaming and penetration component are addressed in a separate course.

Assessment of competency shall be affirmed by a written test and assignment given at group level. Successful
candidates shall be awarded a Academy of Security, Intelligence and Risk Studies (ASIRS) certificate.


The generic course learning outcome include:

  • Define and apply the principles and key components of Protective Security.
  • Able to apply the right phases and process of pre-audit data collection.
  • Quantification via computation of Risk (Threat probability x Vulnerability x Impact) using the TVRA tool.


Course Modules:  10 Modules

Duration:  3 Days

Language:  English

Assessment: Written Examination

Course Fee:  SGD 1,500

Application Fee:  SGD 100


➢ Generic overview of the Protective Security Framework
➢ Concept of threat verse risk
➢ Process of data/ information collection
➢ Assessing the target – TVRA
➢ Design and implement mitigation measures
➢ The security audit approach
➢ Identifying the Threats
➢ Collecting Information
➢ Determining the Design Basis Threat
➢ Determining the Threat Rating
➢ Identifying the Layers of Défense
➢ Identifying the Critical Assets
➢ Identifying the Building Core Functions and Infrastructure
➢ Determining the Impact Rating
➢ Organizing Resources to Prepare Assessment
➢ Site Evaluation
➢ Preparing a Vulnerability Portfolio
➢ Determining the Vulnerability Rating
➢ Preparing the Risk Assessment Matrices
➢ Determining the Risk Ratings
➢ Prioritizing Observations in the Building
➢ Vulnerability Assessment Checklist
➢ Identifying Preliminary Mitigation Options
➢ Reviewing Mitigation Options
➢ Cost Estimating
➢ Mitigation, Cost, and the Layers of Defence
➢ Four Principles of DTED
➢ Natural Surveillance
➢ Natural Access Control
➢ Territorial Reinforcement Maintenance and Management
➢ Designation
➢ Definition
➢ Design
➢ Sight Lines
➢ Lighting
➢ Concealed or Isolated Routes
➢ Entrapment Areas
➢ Isolation
➢ Land Use Mix
➢ Activity Generators
➢ Ownership, Maintenance and Management
➢ Signs and Information
➢ Overall Design
➢ Group activity: target surveillance, vulnerability and risk assessment and mitigation measures
➢ Group Presentation
➢ Test
Gerard Lee

Mr. Gerard Lee

Explosive Ordnance Disposal (Retired)
Singapore Armed Forces

Adjunct Trainer
S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore


Entry Requirements
  • 21 years old and above; and
  • Diploma Holders; or
    an industry or government recognise akin certificate; or
    with at least 1 year of industry related working experience
  • Pass in English in Secondary or High School education or equivalent.
Graduation Requirements

Students will be assessed throughout the duration of the program. In order to be received the certificate, students must achieve a pass for their in-class assessments paper, and at least 75% of class attendance.